Friday, May 22, 2020

Global Warming As Defined By The Us Epa - 1449 Words

Global warming as defined by the US EPA (2016) is â€Å"the recent and ongoing rise in global average temperatures near the Earth’s surface.† This phenomenon is part of a long ongoing process where the surface of the Earth naturally heats up and cools down due to variations in its orbit. Additional change occurs with the chemical composition of the Earth’s atmosphere due to natural cause such as volcanic eruptions (Global Warming 2010). Throughout Earth’s history it has naturally become warmer and colder by itself. Because of this, many individuals are led to believe that the recent shift into warmer temperatures is normal and nothing to worry about. Furthermore, a general lack of understand about the causes and history behind global warming†¦show more content†¦Under normal circumstances, after solar radiation heats the Earth a significant amount of excess heat energy is allowed to escape into space. This concept is often referred to as the green house effect. The Earth is subject to massive amounts of solar radiation, where approximately thirty percent of the radiation is immediately reflected back into space (Lallanila 2015). The remaining seventy percent of radiation that passes through to the Earth is absorbed by the surface, ultimately turning into heat energy or thermal radiation. This radiation emitted by the Earth eventually passes back though the atmosphere and into outer space. However, because of the excess amount of greenhouse gas in the planet’s atmosphere, the heat produced by solar radiation is not allowed to exit into space. The gasses act like a sponge, absorbing the thermal radiation, thus causing a significant increase in temperature. To add to the severity of this issue, the deforestation of millions of acres of forests cause carbon dioxide levels to skyrocket (Lallanila 2015). Plants live off of carbon dioxide, breathing it in, similar to how humans breath oxygen. By eliminating forests and plant life, humans destroy nature’s ability to normalize carbon dioxide levels naturally. To address this major issue, approximately two hundred nations agreed to attempt to limit carbon emissions in an effort to slow global warming. Global culture has

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Introducing Essay Topics for College Applications

Introducing Essay Topics for College Applications Your focus ought to be on the message instead of the presentation. Before you even begin writing the content of your college essay, there are a number of essay writing basic guide that you always need to remember. Bridget's essay is quite strong, but there continue to be a couple little things that could be made better. Whatever college essay topic you select or are assigned, the secret is to compose a great stand-out essay. If you're applying to a college that doesn't accept the Common App, you will have to answer their particular essay questions. Developing a wonderful college essay are able to lose its purpose in the event the content of what you've written is not what the university is asking for. Writing the college application essay can be among the most daunting pieces of applying to college. It is a tough gig. Stephen's essay is quite effective. At the moment, let's check out a couple examples of true college essay beginnings to demonstrate how and why they work. It's therefore important to cautiously consider different college essay topics. The college essay is among the main facets of your college application. Your college essay should contain information that relate to the instruction offered to you. Before you commence writing your college essay, you might need to see the essay examplesA that we've listed for you, so you may have more idea on what things to put in the college essay you will create. The Ultimate Essay Topics for College Applications Trick There's, obviously, a limit on the range of pages even our very best writers can produce with a pressing deadline, but usually, we can satisfy all the clients seeking urgent assistance. You might wish to include an extra essay if you believe the college application forms do not offer sufficient chance to convey important information regarding yourself or your accomplishments. Thus, when you place your purchase, you can be certain that we will do our very best to make sure you get value for your wealth. Think beyond the box as you answer the subsequent questions. If you wish to create a college essay which works, you want to provide importance on the content you will offer the admissions officer of your intended university with. Finding credible info to strengthen your research and achieve credibility is essential to writing an interesting scientific paper. An admissions officer is a lot more likely to bear in mind an applicant who has quite a specific essay written in a distinctive and quirky way. Who knowsthe reply to that question may be the foundation for your admission essay. The History of Essay Topics for College Applications Refuted There can be personal information which you want considered as a member of your admissions application. The third portion of the worldwide planning procedure includes the evolution of a strategic advertising and marketing plan for your selected foreign sector. The second portion of your project includes the mode of entry. An important portion of your grade is going to be based by how professional an d convincing your report is. The Downside Risk of Essay Topics for College Applications Today best college admission essays give a severe competitive edge for high school graduates seeking to become freshmen in the majority of prestigious and reliable universities in the united states and UK. For those who have difficulty expanding, think about the five W's. No matter how valuable it can be, the World Wide Web isn't the only supply of information out there. A History of Essay Topics for College Applications Refuted If you're going to get in the college of your dreams, you should consider how to compose an application essay that stands out from the crowd. There are lots of solutions to your essay writing needs on the web but some are much better than others. Keep reading for more tips on how best to compose a terrific college essay, even when you don't feel you've got anything interesting to write about. Application essays about challenges reveal how you respond to difficulty to folks who are really interested in how you'll deal with the subsequent four years all on your own.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

How English Language Has Brought Change to Urdu Language Free Essays

As my group and I interviewed Amjad Islam Amjad we got to know several reasons for the changes that English has brought to the Urdu language over the period of time. The two I will be discussing are: * Differences in schooling. * Government role in making English as an official language. We will write a custom essay sample on How English Language Has Brought Change to Urdu Language or any similar topic only for you Order Now However these two reasons are interlinked. At sir Amjad’s time English was taught like a foreign language in schools, after the 5th or 6th grade and now it is taught since prep. In fact when a child is taken for an admission he/she is interviewed in English language and is expected to answer in English as well. Before people could easily and fluently interact in Urdu language and children could speak in Urdu without any code mixing and code switching. They had a command over their mother language but today translations into Urdu are even more difficult than English and are understood by even fewer people. Especially, children and young people find it easier to use English. The current generation believes that Urdu language brings orthodoxy and limits their scope and vision. To date, when a child enters the learning stage, he is taught words and things in English. Indeed parents try to use as much English vocabulary as they can so that their child learns and speaks the higher language of the society. Analysing the government’s part in bringing a change in the Urdu language, we see that it has played a vital role by declaring English as the official language. It should not be so; people have actually become confused about their mother language, first language and the second language. The Advisory Board of Education in its first meeting in 1948 had resolved that the mother tongue should be the medium of instruction at the primary stage. Also, a number of institutions were established or supported by the State to do basic work in Urdu: from coining new terms, to translations, to developing new tools and techniques to speed up its adoption as an official language. The Sharif Commission, formed in 1959, had recommended that both Urdu be used as a medium of instruction from Class VI onward and in this way, in about fifteen years, Urdu would reach a point of development where it would become the medium of instruction at the university level. The Commission clearly stated that until Urdu was ready to replace English, English should continue to be used for advanced study and research. Now, this statement served a purpose. It allowed confusion to take root in terms of how and when and by whom it would be determined that Urdu was ready to replace English. This was a convenient method of maintaining the status quo and English was given a fifteen-year lease. The 1973 Constitution of the Republic was propagated with Article 251 stating: (1) The National language of Pakistan is Urdu, and arrangements shall be made for its being used for official and other purposes within fifteen years from the commencing day. 2) Subject to clause (1), the English language may be used for official purposes until arrangements are made for its replacement by Urdu. The timing of the Constitution coincides with the lapse of the fifteen year lease given to English by the Sharif Commission and hence refreshes that lease for another fifteen years. The contradiction that emerged in Bhutto’s era was that on the one hand, he propagated a socialist ideology, nationalized industry and education, and stood for the rights of the po or. On the other hand, he did not make any effort to change the official language to include the poor in decision making. The elected governments of Benazir and Nawaz Sharif continued with parallel education systems and encouraged private sector English medium schools and higher educational institutions. One step that Benazir’s first government took was the introduction of English as a compulsory subject from Class I in all government schools on the plea that it would enhance opportunities for poor children. The implementation remained weak because there was no quality teaching available. In all parts of Pakistan, more public and private institutions are coming up and promoting the use of English. The recently held national education conference in Islamabad, attended by both the President and the Prime Minister, saw no single change in the government’s policy on language education and the medium of instruction. The primary issue is not the choice of a medium or various mediums of instruction. It is the language in which the affairs of the state are managed, legislation is drafted and decisions are made. How to cite How English Language Has Brought Change to Urdu Language, Essays

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

Speech Social Media free essay sample

People have a natural inclination to communicate, connect, and share their experiences with others, and with the rise of social media and other digital channels of communication our actual ‘definition’ of relationships is shifting. It’s very rare to find someone who doesn’t use some form of mobile device or PC. The Internet and  social media  have become a normal part of our everyday interactions. Some research reveals a decline in participation and cooperation with family members due to technology overriding quality time with family. Also, a major criticism of social media is the problem of cyber-bullying and a lack of privacy, although everyone has the choice to block people and put there profiles on private to easily avoid cyber bullying, even being able to file a report on someone else’s profile for bullying or any other sort of harassment. Though, there are many positives points of view, such as the fact that we are able to connect with a much wider and diverse range of people. We will write a custom essay sample on Speech Social Media or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page We can keep in touch with friends and family that we may not have been able or willing to in the past, and we can also keep in more constant and continual contact with others. It’s quite possible that the quality of connections people make online  is completely Subjective, but the fact remains that social media is an ever expanding wonder that will pervade future generations lives. Social media communication leads too more online than offline relationships. You not only can maintain friendships with your older friends, but you also get to know many like-minded people around you. Furthermore, social networking sites like Twitter amp; Facebook are free. Social media offer you a wide range of people from different nations, backgrounds, and Culture to interact and connect with. Often very beneficial for a lot of us hearing different views on worldwide crisis. People are able to join groups where people share the same interests or profession. Many networking sites are used to bring people together for actual face to face interactions for example Facebook, allows people to create events that unite people for many different occasions. It does stop some people from seeing each other sometime because everything is over the phone or computer and people in future generations may lack social skills or confidence, feeling as if there is no need because the endless communication over the Internet. . But for others it is a base point to start. Having no confrontation allows people to be themselves and overall gaining confidence within themselves allowing motivation to have face-to-face human relations, And social media will never stop human relationships because its everyone’s human instinct to get out of the house and see people. Were not unsociable people were very collective. Its in all of our genes, we all like to belong and have a wide network of friends and loved ones. In fact Social media  is about relationship growth that does not need to take place with face-to-face meetings. It can expand your circle of friends, family and acquaintances, without geographic limits and has the tendency to give you access to a swarm of interesting thinkers to learn from. However, more often than not, it seems we limit our social media message to those who only agree with us, that’s when we’re not just pushing messages out rather than creating two-way dialogues. This to me appears that most of us humans stunt our limitless opportunities to expand our knowledge base and put forward real change. Social media allows for such broad and deep conversations amongst the masses, who are reading and sharing rather than being lectured at, and advertised to from their television screens. In sum, social media is driving changes and commotions in the organization of social networks. Increasingly, what used to be a given, social ties you inherited by the virtue of where you lived or your family ties, is now a task, social ties based on shared interests and mutual interest. Surely, there will be new winners and losers. None of this, however, indicates a flight from human contact. We obviously can’t completely disregard in-person interactions,  as these are the framework for any real human  connection,  but I believe social media has a place in helping people connect in a more detailed and widespread manner.

Friday, March 20, 2020

The Difference Between an Element Group and Period

The Difference Between an Element Group and Period Groups and periods are two ways of categorizing elements in the periodic table. Periods are horizontal rows (across) the periodic table, while groups are vertical columns (down) the table. Atomic number increases as you move down a group or across a period. Element Groups Elements in a group share a common number of valence electrons. For example, all of the elements in the alkaline earth group have a valence of two. Elements belonging to a group typically share several common properties. The groups in the periodic table go by a variety of different names: IUPAC Name Common Name Family Old IUPAC CAS notes Group 1 alkali metals lithium family IA IA excluding hydrogen Group 2 alkaline earth metals beryllium family IIA IIA Group 3 scandium family IIIA IIIB Group 4 titanium family IVA IVB Group 5 vanadium family VA VB Group 6 chromium family VIA VIB Group 7 manganese family VIIA VIIB Group 8 iron family VIII VIIIB Group 9 cobalt family VIII VIIIB Group 10 nickel family VIII VIIIB Group 11 coinage metals copper family IB IB Group 12 volatile metals zinc family IIB IIB Group 13 icoasagens boron family IIIB IIIA Group 14 tetrels, crystallogens carbon family IVB IVA tetrels from the Greek tetra for four Group 15 pentels, pnictogens nitrogen family VB VA pentels from the Greek penta for five Group 16 chalcogens oxygen family VIB VIA Group 17 halogens fluorine family VIIB VIIA Group 18 noble gases, aerogens helium family or neon family Group 0 VIIIA Another way to group elements is based on their shared properties (in some cases, these groupings do not correspond to the columns in the periodic table). Such groups include  alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, transition metals (including  rare earth elements or lanthanides and also actinides), basic metals, metalloids or semimetals, nonmetals, halogens, and noble gases. Within  this classification system, hydrogen is a nonmetal. The nonmetals, halogens, and noble gases are all types of nonmetallic elements. The metalloids have intermediate properties. All of the other elements are metallic. Element Periods Elements in a period share the highest unexcited electron energy level. There are more elements in some periods than others because the number of elements is determined by the number of electrons allowed in each energy sub-level. There are seven  periods for naturally occurring elements: Period 1: H, He (does not follow the octet rule)Period 2: Li, Be, B, C, N, O, F, Ne (involves s and p orbitals)Period 3: Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, Ar (all have at least 1 stable isotope)Period 4: K, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, Ge, As, Se, Br, Kr (first period with d-block elements)Period 5: Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Cd, In, Sn, Sn, Te, I, Xe (same number of elements as period 4, same general structure, and includes first exclusively radioactive element, Tc)Period 6: Cs, Ba, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu, Hf, Ta, W, Re, Os, Ir, Pt, Au, Hg, Tl, Pb, Bi, Po, At, Rn (first period with f-block elements)Period 7: Fr, Ra, Ac, Th, Pa, U, Np, Pu, Am, Cm, Bk, Cf, Es, Fm, Md, No, Lr, Rd, Db, Sg, Bh, Hs, Mt, Ds, Rg, Cn, Uut, Fl, Uup, Lv, Uus, Uuo (all elements are radioactive; contains heaviest natural elements)

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Towton - Battle of Towton - Wars of the Roses - Edward IV

Towton - Battle of Towton - Wars of the Roses - Edward IV Battle of Towton: Date Conflict: The Battle of Towton was fought on March 29, 1461, during the Wars of the Roses (1455-1485). Armies Commanders Yorkists Edward IV20,000-36,000 men Lancastrians Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset25,000-42,000 men Battle of Towton - Background: Beginning in 1455, the Wars of the Roses saw a dynastic conflict erupt between King Henry VI (Lancastrians) and the out-of-favor Richard, Duke of York (Yorkists). Prone to bouts of insanity, Henrys cause was chiefly advocated by his wife, Margaret of Anjou, who sought to protect their sons, Edward of Westminster, birthright. In 1460, the fighting escalated with Yorkist forces winning the Battle of Northampton and capturing Henry. Seeking to assert his power, Richard attempted to claim the throne after the victory. Blocked from this by his supporters, he agreed to the Act of Accord which disinherited Henrys son and stated that Richard would ascend to the throne upon the kings death. Unwilling to let this stand, Margaret raised an army in northern England to revive the Lancastrian cause. Marching north in late 1460, Richard was defeated and killed at the Battle of Wakefield. Moving south, Margarets army defeated the Earl of Warwick at the Second Battle of St. Albans and recovered Henry. Advancing on London, her army was prevented from entering the city by the Council of London which feared looting. Battle of Towton - A King Made: As Henry was unwilling to enter the city by force, negotiations began between Margaret and the council. During this time, she learned that Richards son, Edward, Earl of March, had defeated Lancastrian forces near the Welsh border at Mortimers Cross and was uniting with the remnants of Warwicks army. Concerned about this threat to their rear, the Lancastrian army began withdrawing northwards to a defensible line along the River Aire. From here they could safely await reinforcements from the north. A skillful politician, Warwick brought Edward to London and on March 4 had him crowned as King Edward IV. Battle of Towton - Initial Encounters: Seeking to defend his newly won crown, Edward immediately began moving to crush the Lancastrian forces in the north. Departing on March 11, the army marched north in three divisions under the command of Warwick, Lord Fauconberg, and Edward. In addition, John Mowbry, Duke of Norfolk, was sent to the eastern counties to raise additional troops. As the Yorkists advanced, Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, commanding the Lancastrian army began making preparations for battle. Leaving Henry, Margaret, and Prince Edward at York, he deployed his forces between the villages of Saxton and Towton. On March 28, 500 Lancastrians under John Neville and Lord Clifford attacked a Yorkist detachment at Ferrybridge. Overwhelming men under Lord Fitzwater, they secured the bridge over the Aire. Learning of this, Edward organized a counterattack and sent Warwick to attack Ferrybridge. To support this advance, Fauconberg was ordered to cross the river four miles upstream at Castleford and move to attack Cliffords right flank. While Warwicks assault was largely held, Clifford was forced to fall back when Fauconberg arrived. In a running fight, the Lancastrians were defeated and Clifford was killed near Dinting Dale. Battle of Towton - Battle Joined: The crossing retaken, Edward advanced across the river the next morning, Palm Sunday, despite the fact that Norfolk still had not arrived. Aware of the previous days defeat, Somerset deployed the Lancastrian army on a high plateau with its right anchored on the stream of the Cock Beck. Though the Lancastrians occupied a strong a position and had a numerical advantage, the weather worked against them as the wind was in their face. A snowy day, this blew the snow in their eyes and limited visibility. Forming to the south, the veteran Fauconberg advanced his archers and opened fire. Assisted by the strong the wind, the Yorkist arrows fell in the Lancastrian ranks causing casualties. Replying, the Lancastrian archers arrows were hampered by the wind and fell short of the enemys line. Unable to see this due to the weather, they emptied their quivers to no effect. Again the Yorkist archers advanced, gathering up the Lancastrian arrows and shooting them back. With losses mounting, Somerset was forced to take action and ordered his troops forward with a cry of King Henry! Slamming into the Yorkist line, they slowly began pushing them back (Map). On the Lancastrian right, Somersets cavalry succeeded in driving off its opposite number, but the threat was contained when Edward shifted troops block their advance. Details pertaining the fighting are scarce, but it is known that Edward flew about the field encouraging his men to hold and fight. As the battle raged, the weather worsened and several impromptu truces were called to clear the dead and wounded from between the lines. With his army under severe pressure, Edwards fortunes were bolstered when Norfolk arrived after noon. Joining Edwards right, his fresh troops slowly began to turn the battle. Outflanked by the new arrivals, Somerset shifted troops from his right and center to meet the threat. As the fighting continued, Norfolks men began to push back the Lancastrian right as Somersets men tired. Finally as their line neared Towton Dale, it broke and with it the entire Lancastrian army. Collapsing into full retreat, they fled north in an attempt to cross the Cock Beck. In full pursuit, Edwards men inflicted severe losses on the retreating Lancastrians. At the river a small timber bridge quickly collapsed and others reportedly crossed on a bridge of bodies. Sending horsemen forward, Edward pursued the fleeing soldiers through the night as the remnants of Somersets army retreated to York. Battle of Towton - Aftermath: Casualties for the Battle of Towton are not known with any precision though some sources indicate they may have been has high as 28,000 total. Others estimate losses around 20,000 with 15,000 for Somerset and 5,000 for Edward. The largest battle fought in Britain, Towton was a decisive victory for Edward and effectively secured his crown. Abandoning York, Henry and Margaret fled north to Scotland before separating with the latter ultimately going to France to seek aid. Though some fighting continued for the next decade, Edward ruled in relative peace until the Readeption of Henry VI in 1470. Selected Sources HistoryNet: Battle of TowtonUK Battlfields Resource Centre: Battle of Towton

Sunday, February 16, 2020

No topic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words - 40

No topic - Essay Example The expertise of the knowledge is usually associated with the spokesperson’s being preferred to the product being advertised. In most cases, the products that need expertise are usually complicated and sometimes are associated with high financial risk. For instance, the product Dior is complicated; thus, it needs expert spokesperson that is also trustworthy (Sources and spokespersons 01). For instance, the Dior has used CÃ ©line Dion as the spokesperson. This celebrity is an expert with extensive public reputable image; thus, making her an expert for the advert. Additionally, she has been in many other ventures of the same type. Trustworthy persons behind ads usually influence the reception of the ads. In other words, ads with trustworthy celebrities as the spokespersons usually make consumers believe in such products unlike products or ads associated with untrustworthy celebrities as their spokespersons. It is notably, that the same spokesperson in Dior has never had any serious public scandals; thus, she remains trustworthy in her public life making her fit for the product regardless of the products complication (Sources and spokespersons 01). This characteristic is usually pegged on the attractiveness of the spokesperson on the ad. In the case of Dior ad, the image is quite attractive and it is bound to attract many since many consumers and none consumers will like the image thereby influencing their consumption decisions on the product (Sources and spokespersons